Pearls are organic gems, created when an
oyster covers a foreign object with beautiful layers of nacre. Long ago,
pearls were important financial assets, because of their rarest availability
in deep sea.
Today pearls are cultured by Man. Shell
beads are placed inside an oyster and the oyster is returned to the water.
When the pearls are later harvested, the oyster has covered the bead with
layers of nacre. Japan is the main producer of Sea water pearl. Freshwater
pearls are cultured mostly in China
The quality of pearls is judged by the
luster, the reflectivity and shine of the surface. Fine pearls do not have
any flaws or spots in the nacre: it has an even, smooth texture. Other
factors which affect value are the regularity of the shape, size, and
color: rose tints are the most favored.
Only X-Ray examination can positively verify
natural pearls against the cultural pearls found today.
Though India is not a big producer of
cultural pearls it has a distinctive position in pearl
jewelries. Pearl is being set with gold or silver is a fashion
statement. Indian craftsmen has mastered themselves in using Pearl to design
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